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Oculus

Abstract #82759 Published in IGR 20-4

Pseudophakic malignant glaucoma - a case report

Ștefănescu-Dima AȘ; Tănasie CA; Mercuț MF; Mercuț IM; Ionete M; Mocanu CL
Romanian journal of ophthalmology 2019; 63: 268-272


To report a case of malignant glaucoma in a pseudophakic female patient, with no history of glaucoma, resolved through pars plana anterior vitrectomy. An 80-year-old female patient presented in our Emergency Department after a five-day history of pain in her left eye (LE). In the last day, the patient noticed marked visual loss and ocular pain. Visual acuity was light perception and Goldman tonometry was 80 mmHg in her LE. The biomicroscopy revealed absent peripheral and central anterior chamber (AC) and posterior chamber (PC) pseudophakia. Posterior segment ecography showed no vitreous or choroidal abnormalities. A peripheral laser YAG iridotomy was made and the patient was treated with intravenous 20% mannitol, topical timolol, topical brimonidine, and topical cycloplegics. 12 hours later, despite a patent iridotomy in the LE eye, intraocular pressure (IOP) was 55 mmHg, absent AC with severe corneal edema. The diagnosis of pseudophakic malignant glaucoma was made and laser YAG capsulotomy was performed with no resolution of symptoms and signs. 24 hours later, we performed pars plana anterior vitrectomy. Postoperatively, the AC depth increased and the IOP decreased to 20mmHg. After a week, the patient was discharged with hand movement perception visual acuity in her LE, 20 mmHg IOP, reduced corneal edema, normal depth AC. After a month, the corneal edema resolved, the visual acuity was 2/50, IOP was 20mmHg, and the AC had a normal depth. Malignant glaucoma is a sight threatening condition, reported in pseudophakic eyes. Although, literature describes cases solved by cycloplegics and laser YAG capsulotomy, our patient needed pars plana anterior vitrectomy for the resolution of symptoms and signs.


Classification:

9.4.11.1 Ciliary block (malignant) glaucoma (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.4 Glaucomas associated with other ocular and systemic disorders > 9.4.11 Glaucomas following intraocular surgery)
9.4.11.2 Glaucomas in aphakia and pseudophakia (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.4 Glaucomas associated with other ocular and systemic disorders > 9.4.11 Glaucomas following intraocular surgery)



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