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Oculus

Abstract #95159 Published in IGR 22-2

Intraocular Pressure Variations After Intravitreal Injections Measured With an Implanted Suprachoroidal Telemetry Sensor

Meduri E; Gillmann K; Mansouri K
Journal of Glaucoma 2021; 30: e360-e363

See also comment(s) by Tony Realini


PURPOSE: Intravitreal injections (IVIs) may create transient intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation. This report describes continuous IOP fluctuations following multiple IVI measured with a permanent implantable sensor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report the case of a 49-year-old white glaucomatous male with refractory macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion in his left eye who underwent deep sclerectomy combined with the implantation of a suprachoroidal tonometry sensor. Serial IOP measurements were performed immediately before and after each IVI over a 1-year period. RESULTS: During the first 7 months following deep sclerectomy, IOP remained below 10 mm Hg. During this period, mean IOP before each injection was 2.1±2.6 mm Hg, and each IVI caused a reduction of 1.2±0.8 mm Hg on average, with a maximum reduction of 2.7 mm Hg, before IOP normalized within 50 minutes to 24 hours. From 7 months postoperatively, mean IOP increased to the low teens. During this period, mean IOP before each injection was 9.9±1.8 mm Hg, and each IVI caused an increase of 15.8±11.7 mm Hg on average, with a maximum increase of 44.8 mm Hg, before IOP normalized within 20 minutes to 4 hours. CONCLUSIONS: During the initial postoperative phase, IVI may cause acute reduction in IOP, either through subconjunctival leaks or increased filtration secondary to increased fluid pressure. Several months after surgery, this effect subsides and IOP spikes sharply immediately after each IVI, suggesting the resolution of the initial mechanism, most likely through scarring and fibrosis.

Glaucoma Research Center, Montchoisi Clinic, Swiss Visio, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Full article

Classification:

6.1.3 Factors affecting IOP (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.1 Intraocular pressure measurement; factors affecting IOP)
12.8.3 Non-perforating (Part of: 12 Surgical treatment > 12.8 Filtering surgery)
6.19 Telemedicine (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods)
11.15 Other drugs in relation to glaucoma (Part of: 11 Medical treatment)



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