IMPORTANCE: Both parapapillary and macular areas are important in determining the progression of early glaucoma. However, no attempt has been made to assess the progression of glaucoma in images that combine the 2 areas. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential usefulness of serial analysis of combined wide-field optical coherence tomography (OCT) maps for detection of structural progression in patients with early glaucoma. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective observational study. Patients with early primary open-angle glaucoma with a minimum of 3-year follow-up involving serial spectral-domain OCT measurement were analyzed. Patients were divided into a nonprogressor group (n = 47) and a progressor group (n = 47) on the basis of serial stereo disc photography and red-free photography. Serial combined wide-field OCT maps integrating parapapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) maps were generated with the embedded software of serial spectral-domain OCT. Glaucoma specialists then assessed the structural progression detection ability of those serial wide-field OCT maps for early glaucomatous eyes and compared their sensitivity with those of RNFL and GCIPL guided progression analyses (GPAs). MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The diagnostic ability of the serial wide-field OCT maps for early glaucomatous structural progression. RESULTS: Ninety-four patients (mean [SD] age, 51.4 [12.3] years; 48 [51.1%] women; all Korean) were included. The serial wide-field OCT map analysis showed good agreement for detection of structural progression between the 2 glaucoma graders (wide-field OCT thickness map: κ = 0.649; wide-field OCT deviation map: κ = 0.833). These maps showed early glaucomatous structural progression detection abilities comparable with those of RNFL and GCIPL GPAs (sensitivities of wide-field OCT thickness map, wide-field OCT deviation map, RNFL GPA, and GCIPL GPA = 63.8%, 83.0%, 83.0%, and 66.0%, respectively, all P > .05; specificities of wide-field OCT thickness map, wide-field OCT deviation map, RNFL GPA, and GCIPL GPA = 93.6%, 95.7%, 84.8%, and 93.6%, respectively, all P > .05). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: The serial combined wide-field OCT maps integrating RNFL and GCIPL maps performed well in detecting structural progression in early glaucomatous eyes. Confirmation in an independent prospective study might provide greater confidence in this conclusion.