See also comment(s) by Nathan Radcliffe & Daniela Alvarez-Ascencio •
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to investigate the acute effects of bench press sets leading to muscular failure with different loads on intraocular pressure and ocular perfusion pressure. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized experimental study. METHODS: Seventeen physically active young men performed four resistance training sets of bench press to muscular failure against different relative loads (65% one-repetition maximum vs 75% one-repetition maximum vs 85% one-repetition maximum vs 95% one-repetition maximum). Intraocular pressure was measured before and immediately after the execution of each of the four sets, and ocular perfusion pressure was also assessed before and after physical effort. RESULTS: We found that intraocular pressure increased after reaching muscular failure (p < 0.001, ƞ²= 0.52), being also dependent on the interaction load × point of measure (p < 0.001, ƞ²= 0.33). Our data demonstrated that higher intraocular pressure increases were found when participants performed the bench press exercise against heavier loads, showing statistical significance for the 75% one-repetition maximum (p = 0.020, d = -0.63, mean change = 0.9 mmHg), 85% one-repetition maximum (p = 0.035, d = -0.56, mean change = 1.4 mmHg), and 95% one-repetition maximum (p < 0.001, d = -1.36, mean change = 2.9 mmHg) relative loads. For its part, ocular perfusion pressure showed a reduction after exercise (p = 0.009, ƞ²= 0.35), being these changes independent on the load used. CONCLUSION: Bench press exercise leading to muscular failure provokes an acute intraocular pressure rise, with greater changes when heavier loads are used. Ocular perfusion pressure exhibited an acute reduction after exercise; however, its clinical relevance seems to be insignificant (lower to 4%). We argue that the use of heavy loads, when training to muscular failure, should be discouraged in order to avoid acute intraocular pressure fluctuations. Future studies should corroborate the generalizability of these findings in glaucoma patients.
Department of Optics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.Full article
6.1.3 Factors affecting IOP (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.1 Intraocular pressure measurement; factors affecting IOP)
6.11 Bloodflow measurements (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods)